When both parties agree that the consequence would be helpful, it is more likely to encourage change. For example, 5-year-old Sandy rides her bike into the street after she was told not to. Handling it respectfully also demonstrates that mistakes are wonderful opportunities to learn. When a child spills milk, the related consequence is to have him clean up the spill. What to Do if Your Child is a Biter, Most Effective Ways to Discipline a 6-Year-Old Child. More resources for learning about logical consequences and other strategies for responding to misbehavior: Rules in School, 2nd edition: Read about the approach to discipline that helps children develop self-control, understand how positive behavior looks and sounds, and come to value such behavior. Logical consequences are different from natural consequences in that they require the intervention of an adult—or other children in a family or a class meeting. Parents and teachers don’t like to admit that, often, the main reason they like to use punishment is to demonstrate their power to win over the child or to gain revenge by making the child suffer. (Your child is likely to not fight bringing a jacket the next time if he was shivering, for instance. Consequences take anger and punishment out of the equation and then put the focus on teaching. This concept was depicted in a cartoon showing a mother watching her husband chase their child with a stick. It is important to decide what kind of consequence would create a helpful learning experience that might encourage children to choose responsible cooperation. Some points to consider with undertaking Marriage/Relationship Counselling and using Logical Consequences. List of Logical Consequences for Teens: The consequence of disrespect — He doesn’t respect me, I don’t respect him. Emotions can run very high for clients in such situations and thus client thinking and decision-making can be deeply impacted upon. For example, the natural consequence of being too rough with a toy and breaking the toy is that the toy is broken and may not work anymore. It is important to decide what kind of consequence would create a helpful learning experience that might encourage children to … And a child who loses access to his cell phone for texting too much is likely to remember not to do that again.) After all, you wouldn't allow a child to not brush her teeth and permit the natural consequence—cavities—to form in her mouth; in that case, a child refusing or forgetting to brush would be handled with a logical consequence, such as not getting any dessert or sweets when the rest of the family has some. Natural and logical consequences make sense as a discipline strategy, but often parents struggle to come up with ideas of their own in the heat of the moment. Logical consequences teach students the hows and whys of good decisions, rather than making them sorry for making a bad choice. In this example, respect has been eliminated and the teacher did some piggy backing with humiliation and a threat. Obviously, it is more important for this father to make the child suffer for his misbehavior than to help him change it. For example, Linda liked to tap her pencil while doing deskwork. Rebellion ("I’ll show them that I can do whatever I want: Retreat, in the form of sneakiness ("I won’t get caught next time.") (It is a good idea to speak to children about a consequence in private, when possible, so they don’t lose face with their peers.). List of Logical Consequences for Teens: The consequence of disrespect — He doesn’t respect me, I don’t respect him. F2 is a logical consequence of F1, we write F1 ⊧ F2 iff all models of F1 are models of F2. If this were so, it would be reasonable to give a child a choice either to stop his misbehavior or to have a spanking. I don’t need to pick him up, or cook him meals (you can extend this as far as you want) The consequence of lying — You can’t trust him. I tell them, "If a related logical consequence isn’t obvious, then it is probably not appropriate to use a logical consequence in this situation." Logical consequences, as we learned in the last two articles, are ways in which adults structure learning opportunities for children. It is not respectful if you say, "How can you be so clumsy? For example, a child might enjoy cleaning up his desk. I don’t know how many times I have heard people ask, "What would a logical consequence be for this situation?" Both natural and logical consequences can help teach kids to make better choices and learn from their mistakes. When the logical consequences are balanced with love and empathy, the child grows and is able to learn to make smart choices and live a happy and fulfilled life. (It is amazing how often the child knows what a solution would be, and how willing he is to do it, when asked respectfully.) In the caption the mother is calling, "Wait! I don't understand what it is being by "all models of F1 are models of F2", i keep thinking about logical equivalence for this statement, I can't discern between the two - logical equivalence and logical consequence. It puts the responsibility and choice in your child's hands. His teacher called him aside and asked him if he would like to leave it with her or with the principal until after school. It would not be reasonable to ensure that he suffers for his mistake by saying, "To make sure you learn, I want you to scrub the whole floor.". If any of the Three Rs and an H are missing, it can no longer be called a logical consequence. There are other methods that might be more effective, such as holding a family meeting, focusing on solutions instead of consequences, creating routines, offering limited choices, asking for help, dealing with the belief behind the behavior, deciding what you will do instead of what you will make your child do, following through with dignity and respect, hugging, or another Positive Discipline tool that seems appropriate for the situation. Reasonableness has been eliminated in favor of the power to insure suffering. These could also be called the Three Rs and an H for Focusing on Solutions. But what happens if any of the other four Rs is missing? Copyright 2020 Positive Discipline - All Rights Reserved. Verywell Family uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Some good examples of this would be a child refusing to put on a jacket when it's cold outside and then not having anything to wear when he feels chilled or a child repeatedly forgetting to bring money for lunch to school and then being hungry at lunchtime. If the consequence is not helpful it is easier to be construed as punishment. Natural consequences, as the word "natural" implies, are what happens without any input or interference as a result of an action or decision. Some good examples of this would be a child refusing to put on a jacket when it's cold outside and then not having anything to wear when he feels chilled or a child repeatedly forgetting to bring money for lunch to school and then being hungry at lunchtime. "). Dan chose to leave it with his teacher. A more respectful comment would be, "Whoops. You can’t trust him to stay out with friends, use the car, be in his room alone. Meta-Analyses: Key Parenting Program Components for Disruptive Child Behavior. Read our, Reviewed by Ann-Louise T. Lockhart, PsyD, ABPP, Verywell Family uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Giving children a choice and speaking to them in private about the consequences are not the only guidelines for effectively applying logical consequences. What Bad Habits Should You Tell Your Tweens to Stop Doing? The options should be related to the task by being logically linked to the current activity and the resulting action. Reasonable means the consequence is reasonable from the child’s point of view as well as the adult’s. Teachers use this type of logical consequence when they see an opportunity for a child to solve a problem he or she has caused. Do You Know What Is Interfering With Your Child's Sleep?

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