You can test out of the first two years of college and save a detailed exam report complete with your personal statistics and even specific lessons to focus on! Go to the next lesson in the chapter to continue learning. Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of Chemistry Lab Equipment Flashcards, Lesson 1 - Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties, Lesson 2 - Examples of Intensive & Extensive Properties of Matter, Lesson 3 - States of Matter and Chemical Versus Physical Changes to Matter, Lesson 4 - Chromatography, Distillation and Filtration: Methods of Separating Mixtures, Lesson 5 - Beer's Law: Absorbance & Concentration, Lesson 3 - Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan, Lesson 4 - Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass, Lesson 5 - Avogadro's Number: Using the Mole to Count Atoms, Lesson 6 - Electron Configurations in Atomic Energy Levels, Lesson 7 - Hund's Rule, the Pauli Exclusion Principle & the Aufbau Principle, Lesson 8 - Diamagnetism & Paramagnetism: Definition & Explanation, Lesson 9 - Four Quantum Numbers: Principal, Angular Momentum, Magnetic & Spin, Lesson 10 - The Bohr Model and Atomic Spectra, Lesson 11 - Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle: Definition & Equation, Lesson 12 - The de Broglie Hypothesis: Definition & Significance, Lesson 1 - The Periodic Table: Properties of Groups and Periods, Lesson 3 - Valence Electrons and Energy Levels of Atoms of Elements, Lesson 4 - Atomic and Ionic Radii: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table, Lesson 5 - Ionization Energy: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table, Lesson 6 - Electronegativity: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table, Lesson 7 - The Diagonal Relationship, Metallic Character, and Boiling Point, Lesson 8 - Transition Metals vs. Main Group Elements: Properties and Differences, Lesson 1 - Types of Radioactive Decay and Their Effect on the Nucleus, Lesson 2 - Balancing Nuclear Equations & Predicting the Product of a Nuclear Reaction, Lesson 3 - Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs, Lesson 4 - Mass-Energy Conversion, Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy, Lesson 5 - Fusion, Fission, Carbon Dating, Tracers & Imaging: Applications of Nuclear Chemistry, Lesson 3 - Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent, Lesson 5 - The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms, Lesson 6 - Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions, Lesson 7 - Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties, Lesson 8 - Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds, Lesson 9 - Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation, Lesson 10 - Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds, Lesson 11 - Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions, Lesson 12 - Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance, Lesson 13 - Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character, Lesson 14 - VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes, Lesson 15 - Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity, Lesson 16 - Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces, Lesson 17 - London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces, Lesson 18 - Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape, Lesson 19 - Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams, Lesson 20 - Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors, Lesson 21 - Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules, Lesson 22 - Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers, Lesson 23 - Functional Groups in Organic Molecules, Lesson 1 - The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Solids and Liquids, Lesson 2 - Phase Diagrams: Critical Point, Triple Point and Phase Equilibrium Boundaries, Lesson 3 - Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition, Lesson 4 - Heat of Fusion & Heat of Vaporization: Definitions & Equations, Lesson 5 - Phase Diagram of Water vs Other Substances: Differences & Meaning, Lesson 6 - Phase Changes and Heating Curves, Lesson 7 - Crystal Structures and the Unit Cell, Lesson 1 - The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Gases, Lesson 2 - Pressure: Definition, Units, and Conversions, Lesson 3 - Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvin and Celsius, Lesson 4 - How to Find the Density of a Gas, Lesson 5 - Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures, Lesson 6 - The Boltzmann Distribution: Temperature and Kinetic Energy of Gases, Lesson 7 - Diffusion and Effusion: Graham's Law, Lesson 8 - Molar Volume: Using Avogadro's Law to Calculate the Quantity or Volume of a Gas, Lesson 9 - Boyle's Law: Gas Pressure and Volume Relationship, Lesson 10 - Charles' Law: Gas Volume and Temperature Relationship, Lesson 11 - Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Pressure and Temperature Relationship, Lesson 12 - The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant, Lesson 13 - Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas, Lesson 14 - Real Gases: Deviation From the Ideal Gas Laws, Lesson 15 - Real Gases: Using the Van der Waals Equation, Lesson 1 - The Rate of Dissolution: Factors and Definition, Lesson 2 - Solutions, Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes, Lesson 3 - Solubility and Solubility Curves, Lesson 4 - Solubility of Common Salts: Predicting Reaction Outcomes, Lesson 5 - Calculating Molarity and Molality Concentration, Lesson 6 - Calculating Dilution of Solutions, Lesson 7 - Colligative Properties and Raoult's Law, Lesson 8 - Using Colligative Properties to Determine Molar Mass, Lesson 9 - The Solubility of Gases in a Liquid, Lesson 1 - Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations, Lesson 2 - Mole-to-Mole Ratios and Calculations of a Chemical Equation, Lesson 3 - Mass-to-Mass Stoichiometric Calculations, Lesson 4 - Stoichiometry: Calculating Relative Quantities in a Gas or Solution, Lesson 5 - Limiting Reactants & Calculating Excess Reactants, Lesson 6 - Calculating Reaction Yield and Percentage Yield from a Limiting Reactant, Lesson 7 - Calculating Percent Composition and Determining Empirical Formulas, Lesson 8 - Hydrates: Determining the Chemical Formula From Empirical Data, Lesson 1 - Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions, Lesson 2 - The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases, Lesson 3 - Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions, Lesson 4 - Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water, Lesson 5 - The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution, Lesson 6 - Acidic & Basic Salt Solutions: Explanation & Examples, Lesson 7 - Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers, Lesson 8 - Acid & Base Anhydrides: Definition & Examples, Lesson 9 - Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds, Lesson 10 - Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations, Lesson 11 - Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula, Lesson 12 - Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents, Lesson 13 - The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions, Lesson 14 - Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry, Lesson 15 - Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions, Lesson 16 - Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions, Lesson 1 - Equilibrium: Chemical and Dynamic, Lesson 2 - LeChatelier's Principle: Disruption and Re-Establishment of Equilibrium, Lesson 3 - Equilibrium Constant (K) and Reaction Quotient (Q), Lesson 4 - Using a RICE Table in Equilibrium Calculations, Lesson 5 - Solubility Equilibrium: Using a Solubility Constant (Ksp) in Calculations, Lesson 6 - The Common Ion Effect and Selective Precipitation, Lesson 7 - Acid-Base Equilibrium: Calculating the Ka or Kb of a Solution, Lesson 8 - Acid-Base Buffers: Calculating the pH of a Buffered Solution, Lesson 9 - Titration of a Strong Acid or a Strong Base, Lesson 10 - Titrations with Weak Acids or Weak Bases, Lesson 1 - Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Modifying Factors, Lesson 3 - Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Effect of Temperature, Lesson 4 - Collision Theory: Definition & Significance, Lesson 5 - Activation Energy and Catalysts, Lesson 6 - Reaction Mechanisms and The Rate Determining Step, Lesson 7 - Chemical Kinetics, Reaction Rate Constant & Equilibrium Constant, Lesson 2 - State Functions in Thermochemistry, Lesson 3 - Enthalpy: Energy Transfer in Physical and Chemical Processes, Lesson 4 - Bond Energy: Definition & Equation, Lesson 5 - Using Hess's Law to Calculate the Change in Enthalpy of a Reaction, Lesson 6 - Calorimetry: Measuring Heat Transfer and Heat Capacity, Lesson 7 - Predicting the Entropy of Physical and Chemical Changes, Lesson 8 - Free Energy: Predicting the Spontaneity of a Reaction, Lesson 9 - Standard Enthalpy of Formation: Explanation & Calculations, Lesson 10 - The Relationship Between Enthalpy (H), Free Energy (G) and Entropy (S), Lesson 11 - Electrochemistry: Free Energy and Cell Potential Energy, Lesson 12 - Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions, Lesson 13 - Effect of Catalysts on Rates of Reaction, Lesson 1 - DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds, Lesson 2 - DNA: Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine & Complementary Base Pairing, Lesson 3 - DNA: Discovery, Facts, Structure & Function in Heredity, Lesson 4 - Differences Between RNA and DNA & Types of RNA (mRNA, tRNA & rRNA), Lesson 5 - tRNA: Role, Function & Synthesis, Lesson 1 - What Is DNA Replication?

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