There are also sizable numbers of international students from various countries coming to Pakistan to study at Islamic universities or madrasahs. Funding and support from other countries, including Saudi Arabia and Iran, also play a role. Problems in Pakistani education are manifold. All colleges must be recognized by the Pakistan Medical Commission (PMC) and must be affiliated with a degree-granting university. Pakistan Education Statistics 2016-17 . All pathways culminate in a skills assessment based on national competency standards conducted by provincial qualification assessment boards, trade testing boards, or other certified assessors. Hence 31% educational institutes are run by private sector while 69% are public institutes. It may not be possible for the government at the moment to implement uniform education system in the country, but a uniform curriculum can be introduced in educational institutes of the country. The majority of HEIs and tertiary students are clustered in the province of Punjab. Early childhood education (ECE) for children between the ages of three and four has historically been given little attention even in more affluent urban areas, where patchy public provision may be supplemented with private kindergartens. The reforms required in the education system of Pakistan cannot be done by the government alone, public-private participation and a mix of formal as well as non-formal education can pull out majority of country’s population from illiteracy. It remains to be seen if the economic situation will improve in the future and whether Pakistan can defuse its “population bomb” with inclusive economic development. Bretag, Tracey. The Text Widget allows you to add text or HTML to your sidebar. Most typically, this is an internal assessment devised by the institution, but it’s increasingly common for institutions to rely on external tests, such as the National Aptitude Test conducted by Pakistan’s National Testing Service. 1,825,000 million) literacy and non Formal … 3 No. When theoretical and practical study are indicated, the corresponding credit hours are typically shown as two hyphenated digits within parentheses, for example, “4 (3-1).”. Transparency International. These disparities have a big impact on educational outcomes, including vast gaps in access to education and overall educational attainment. As a result, the system is said to be rife with corruption, plagiarism, and fabricated research, with many publications allegedly produced for purely material gains. This will provide equal opportunity to the students of rural areas to compete with students of urban areas in the job market. Both the federal and provincial governments are seeking to increase ECE participation rates, but progress is slow. Education in Pakistan is free and compulsory for all children between the ages of five and 16, or up through grade 10, or what’s referred to as “matriculation” in Pakistan. In recent years, Pakistan has adopted increasingly modern methods of teaching and examination and has, following global trends, moved to a 12+4+2 structure. There are three different specialization streams in lower-secondary education: science, humanities, and technical. The Secondary School Certificate (SSC), also referred to as “matriculation certificate,” is examined in two parts at the end of grades 9 and 10 and is awarded upon passing the final SSC exam at the end of grade 10. However, many private providers are smaller, specialized, market-oriented institutions of lesser quality that mainly offer programs in fields like business management and information technology. Elementary level education and knowledge must mirror the immediate culture, ethnicity, ideology and socio-economic groups so that the students can relate themselves and concertise their knowledge coupled with critical  sense. Note: In addition to these benchmark qualifications, universities offer a variety of shorter undergraduate-level diploma programs as well as postgraduate diplomas, which are mostly one year in duration and require a bachelor’s degree for admission. Annual Report: Pakistan Education Statistics 2011-12, National Education Management Information System Academy of Educational Planning and Management, Ministry of Education, Trainings & Standards in Higher Education, Government of Pakistan, (Islamabad, AEPAM, 2013). Beyond the dearth of funds, many observers note that the efficiency of the Pakistani system is also undermined by poorly managed top-down governance structures, a lack of qualified faculty and cooperation between institutions, red tape, comparatively high levels of corruption, and patronage networks in which positions are filled based on political allegiances rather than objective qualifications. Private higher education is relatively new in Pakistan and was, in fact, banned under leftist governments in the 1970s and early 1980s.

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