Learn everything you need to know about drought tolerant landscaping, including the best type of plants. African marigolds (Tagetes erecta), also called American marigolds, are the largest of marigolds. Marigolds are easy to plant and can do well in virtually any type of soil. Marigolds establish easily, and new blooms will appear not long after planting. Signet marigolds (Tagetes tenuifolia) are the smallest of the marigold varieties. Pinch back. Marigolds (Tagetes spp) add a splash of bright orange, yellow or red to flower gardens and planters throughout late spring, summer and early fall. Water well in dry heat, but allow the soil to dry between waterings. Read on to find out more about marigold plants. These marigolds make a spectacular addition to the flower bed or garden, and also provide edible blooms with a spicy tarragon flavor. After seeds have germinated, moisten soil and then plant seedlings about 1 inch apart from one another. Do not fertilize during the growing season. Pat the soil around the stem gently but firmly. When the petals are brown, and the plant base is just starting to turn brown, you can harvest the seeds. Add mulch. Marigold flowers tend to be in bright hues of yellow, orange and red, and many shades in between. Marigold, or calendula officinalis, is commonly referred to as English marigold, pot marigold, calendula and golds. Using your thumb and forefinger, simply pinch the dead bloom where it meets the stem. Most varieties of marigold flowers can be planted as perennials in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11, or grown as annuals in cooler climates. Keep the Betterdays coming with gardening tips and exclusive offers. Limit the ability to self-seed by deadheading before blooms go to seed. You can use plants, but seeds will germinate quickly and you'll have blooms in about 8 weeks, according to, Sprinkle organic flower food into the soil. Height/Spread: There are varieties available from 6 inches to 4 feet tall, and 6 inches to 2 feet wide. In this case, once the seeds germinate, transplant them outdoors after the last frost. Their cheery blooms thrive in the sun, making these summer-through-fall-time beauties a popular choice. If transplanting, be sure to water well after doing so. Above the refrigerator is a good spot for seeds to rest if you are germinating indoors. How to Grow & Care for Sweet William Flowers, The Old Farmer's Almanac: "Growing Marigolds", Burpee Seeds and Plants: "All About Marigolds", Ohio State University Extension: Marigolds: A Gardening Favorite Year After Year, How Long Until Marigolds Flower From Seed, Requirements for Planting a French Marigold. These low-maintenance plants do not require much care, and with just a few tips, will put on a showy display for months. Actually, both! Tip 6. Thin the young sprouts, 8 to 10 inches apart for French and signet marigolds, and 10 to 12 inches apart for larger African varieties. It also helps improve air circulation. Although small, they bloom prolifically and produce dime-sized blossoms that can cover the small bushy plants. Spacing will depend on the variety. Learning everything you can about them helps ensure they will grow big and beautifully for your enjoyment. Do not water marigolds from overhead. If you choose to start from seed indoors, you can begin the process about 2 months before the last expected frost. Too much water on marigold leaves can result in a powdery mildew building up on the pretty dark green foliage. Bright and hardy marigolds are a no-fuss, low maintenance annual. They are virtually fool-proof, so even first-time gardeners can trust their marigold show will be abundant and something to be proud of. Types of Signet marigolds include the Golden Gem and Lemon Gem. The quickest growing variety of marigold is the French marigold (Tagetes patula), although the African marigold (Tagetes erecta) is a much larger plant. Use a soil-based potting mix and either add in a granular, slow-acting fertilizer at the time of planting, or periodically water with a diluted liquid fertilizer. Do not wait for the entire plant to turn brown or you risk it molding. Never water overhead. All marigolds are rapidly growing plants that require minimal attention, blooming profusely from spring to fall. Water at the base of the plant. (Excess water on leaves can lead to powdery mildew.) Use these for mass plantings or to edge flower beds. Color: Marigolds are available in shades of orange and yellow; some with highlights of red, gold, copper or brass. If planting seeds directly in the ground without germinating, once sprouted, but while still small, thin your seedlings. Marigold flowers resemble daisies or carnations, and the blooms are single or in clusters, states the Old Farmers Almanac. These marigolds grow up to 36 inches tall, with flowers that can measure up to 5 inches across. If you see small, chewed edges or holes in the leaves, check your plants for caterpillars. Deadhead as needed. Seeds will germinate anywhere from 4 to 14 days in warm soil that has an average temperature of 70°F – 75°F. This will encourage more blooming. Removing them by hand is simple, fast and can alleviate the problem. You can use them to fill in landscaping gaps or borders quickly. Marigolds are rapidly growing plants and most varieties are self-seeding, which means they will drop seeds and spread throughout your yard or garden. Bloom Time: Late spring until first frost. Sow seeds as soon as the soil warms in spring and the danger of frost is past. The dense, double flowerheads of the African marigolds tend to rot in wet weather. To reseed marigolds, wait for the plant to begin to dry out. Marigolds grow well in planting zones 2 – 11, and they do best in warmer months. In fact, their hardiness makes it unnecessary to start marigold seeds indoors. If you have a sunny area that's too hot for many annuals, marigolds will probably thrive there. In addition, most varieties are self-seeding, so they spread throughout the flower bed or garden year after year. This self-propagation makes marigolds a desirable garden plant. Tip 2. Hot weather and drought-like conditions don’t mean a beautiful yard and garden is out of reach. If it is an extremely hot period, it’s fine to increase the frequency, just take care not to overwater. Marigolds are rapidly growing plants and most varieties are self-seeding, which means they will drop seeds and spread throughout your yard or garden. Most marigolds are annuals, but a few are perennials. are among the most easily grown plants used for flower beds, gardens and general landscaping. Pinching from the top of the plant is an easy way to remove dead blooms and encourage growth while helping plants fill out so they don’t become leggy. In general, you should plant these fast-growing beauties outdoors after the last frost.

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