"Behavior: Cooper (1870) speaks of the eastern phoebe as the "exact analogue" of this species in habits and of the similarity in their cries, resemblances that were noted also by Bendire (1895). The sharp whistled call of the Black Phoebe is a typical sound along creeks and ponds in the southwest. The Alder and Willow Flycatchers are so similar in plumage that visual identification is nearly impossible. "statcounter.com/counter/counter_xhtml.js'>"); In most cases the eggs were laid on consecutive days. The Black Phoebe has an estimated breeding population of 6 million, and a conservation rating of Least Concern. The female makes the final decision about where to place the nest and does all the construction. * * * This capture of Insects below the perch level seems to be correlated with their greater abundance there. It breeds throughout the Colorado River valley and occasionally is found to the north in southern Nevada and southwestern Utah, as well as Arizona and central New Mexico. Nests are of mud and lined with fine dry grass tissue'or animal hair. SAN QUINTIN PHOEBESAYORNIS NIGRICANS SALICTARIA GrinnellHABITSThis race of the black phoebe is found in the Upper Austral Zone of northern Lower California, from about latitude 300 northward to the United States boundary; also in southern Arizona in the valley of the Colorado River in describing and naming it, Dr. Grinnell (1927) said that it is only slightly smaller than the well-known black phoebe of California, but the "general tone of color of dark parts blacker, more slaty, less brown. birds! Ground beetles (Carabidae), ladybirds (Coccinellidae), and tiger beetles (Cicindelidae), all presumed to be useful, made up 2.82 percent. Where the bird feeds over a lawn, insects are sighted again and again from ten to twenty feet from the perch; the bird ffies directly to the exact position on the lawn where the insect Is located, plucks it up without the slightest indication of uncertainty and returns to the perch.Where slow flying insects are numerous in the air, two insects are occasionally taken in one flight, the second presumably sighted In the air but probably after the first, since a series of insects, regardless of their abundance, never was taken without the bird returning to its perch.When insects were scarce, on rainy days and early on cold mornings, hovering was noted over grassy areas or alongside walls. I have found one or two nests fastened to the partly dead trunk of some large tree, but it Is safe to say that nine out of ten birds choose the protection afforded by bridges, where mud is easily secured, and horsehairs as well, for these two ingredients enter largely into the construction of the nest. Jewett (1899) states that the young "remained in the nest on an average about two weeks, or until it was too small for them," and that "three broods were generally reared in each year, the first and second usually consisting of five, and the last of four birds. Occurs in a variety of semi-open habitats. They are territorial and solitary nesters, often remaining year-round in an established territory. The Black Phoebe has a large range of 2,970,000 square kilometers. The only other common utterance of this species is its song, if such it may be called'. For the earlier report there were available 333 stomachs, which showed 99.39 percent of animal matter to 0.61 percent of vegetable. But when forms larger than the house fly were taken, the catch was carried back and tapped against the perch several times as if to smash and kill It before swallowing. In the more verdant portions of the valleys and coastal plains of the Southwestern States the attractive black-and-white figure of the black phoebe is a familiar sight. West to Peru (Huanuco); Ecuador (Zamora, Bucay, and Esmeraldas); western Colombia (San Jose and Medellin); Costa Rica (San Jose and Carrillo); El Salvador (Libertad and San Salvador); western Guatemala (San Geronimo and Duenas); Baja California (San Lucas, Triunfo, San Fernando, and Todos Santos Island); and California (San Clemente Island, Santa Barbara, Berkeley, Point Reyes, and Benbow).The range as outlined is for the entire species, which has been separated into several subspecies or geographic races. : "http://www. There has been a pair nesting on our old home place to my knowledge since 1900, and they are still there. This song is sometimes heard in fall as well as in spring.Field marks: In strong contrast to many of the Tyrannidae, the black phoebe is one of the most easily recognized of all our birds. Rarely seeking the tree tops, the black phoebe usually perches instead on the shaded lower branches, on fences, stones, or other low objects, but seldom on the ground itself. document.write("
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